If you have ever wondered what causes flat feet or fallen arches, you are not alone. Many don’t know what causes them or what causes them. The condition is quite common and can be caused by a number of factors. Here’s a closer look at flat feet, or fallen arches, and what causes them.
Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, are a condition in which the arch of the foot collapses, causing the entire sole of the foot to come into contact with the ground.
There are a number of different causes of flat feet, including:
|Genetics||Some people are born with flat feet or a predisposition to develop them.|
|Overuse||Excessive walking, running, or standing can cause the muscles and tendons in the foot to weaken, leading to flat feet.|
|Obesity||Carrying extra weight can put extra stress on the feet, leading to flat feet.|
|Injury||An injury to the foot or ankle, such as a sprain or fracture, can cause flat feet.|
|Certain diseases||Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or nerve conditions, can cause flat feet.|
|Aging||As people age, the muscles and tendons in the feet can weaken, causing flat feet.|
|Pregnancy||The weight gain and hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause flat feet.|
It’s important to note that not everyone with flat feet will experience symptoms, but for some people, flat feet can cause pain, stiffness, cramping, and difficulty walking or standing for long periods of time.
What Are Flat Feet or Fallen Arches?
Flat feet or fallen arches is a condition where the arch of the foot collapses. With flat feet, the foot doesn’t have a normal arch, and it comes into complete or nearly complete contact with the ground. The arch is the inside part of the foot that’s raised off the ground when you stand on your toes.
This can cause the foot to flatten out, which can lead to pain in the foot, ankle, and lower leg. It can also cause problems with balance and walking. This deformity occurs in up to 30% of the population. It’s more common in women than men and usually affects both feet.
Symptoms of Flat Feet and Fallen Arches
Flat feet can be asymptomatic in some patients, while others will have severe pain. Pain can occur in the area around the arch, the heel, and the ankles.Swelling of the ankles is common. Over time, the pain can spread to the knees, hips, and lower back.
What Are the Types of Flat Feet?
Regardless of when the deformity occurs, it often affects the quality of life. There are a few types of flat feet – we’ve explained them below.
Flexible and Rigid
Flexible flatfoot is the most common type and is more prevalent in children than adults. It occurs when the arch of the foot collapses when bearing weight but returns to normal when not bearing weight. Rigid flatfoot, on the other hand, is less common and is characterized by a permanent loss of arch height even when not bearing weight. This type of flatfoot usually requires surgical intervention to correct.
Adult-Acquired (Fallen Arch)
A fallen arch is a condition in which the arch collapses unexpectedly, which makes the foot turn outwards. This often affects just one foot, and it results in pain. The reasons behind an adult-acquired flat foot are usually inflammation or a tear in the posterior tibial tendon.
Vertical talus, otherwise called a rocker-bottom foot, is a congenital defect that prevents the arch of the foot from forming. Talus is a bone in the foot, and in this case, it’s positioned incorrectly. The deformity makes the bottom of the foot look like a rocking chair.
How to Treat Fallen Arches?
Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the condition but may include things like arch supporters, physiotherapy, or surgery in severe cases. Your treatment will be based on the symptoms and the underlying cause of your condition. Possible treatments include rest, ice, physical therapy, orthotic devices, steroid injections, and surgery.
Consult Your Foot Specialist About Flat Feet Or Fallen Arches
It’s important to see a doctor if you think you may have flat feet or fallen arches as treatment may be necessary to prevent further pain or damage. If you’re experiencing any pain consult with our professionals at Luxe Foot Surgery, and we will help you identify the problem. Contact us over the phone or through an online form – our team will be happy to assist you.
Is Flat Feet the Same as Fallen Arches?
A fallen arch is another term for flat feet, but this name is usually used to refer to the deformity that develops in adulthood.
Can I Fix My Fallen Arches?
Fallen arches should be addressed if they cause any symptoms. The best way to approach this problem is to talk to your doctor, who will most likely recommend surgery.